RUSSIAN ALPHABET, PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY

Russian Consonants: Letters Т, Д, Н, М, К, Г, Х, С, З

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Vocabulary

  • ты – you (is used for addressing one person in informal speech)
  • то – the neuter form of the pronoun “that” (тот – masc., та – fem., то – neu., те – plur.)
  • тут – here (is used for specifying the location)
  • э́та – the feminine form of the pronoun “this” (э́тот – masc., э́та – fem., э́то – neu., э́ти – plur.)
  • да – 1) yes; 2) and
  • до – prep. till
  • да́та – n date
  • туда́ – there; that way (is used for specifying the direction)
  • мы – we
  • ма́ма – n mother, mom
  • да́ма – n lady; queen (cards)
  • дом – n house
  • Ла́да – Lada (make of the car)
  • Ту́ла – Tula (Russian city)
  • мыл – he washed (the masculine form of the Past Tense of the verb мыть – “to wash”)
  • дул – he blew (the masculine form of the Past Tense of the verb дуть – “to blow”)
  • но́та – n note (music)
  • ны́ла – she whined (the feminine form of the Past Tense of the verb ныть – “to whine”, “to whimper”)
  • Луна́ – the Moon
  • Дон – The Don (one of the major rivers of Russia)
  • куда́ – where; which way (is used for asking the direction)
  • аку́ла – n shark
  • ата́ка – n attack
  • о́кна – the plural form of the noun окно́ (window)
  • го́ды – the plural form of the noun год (year)
  • дуга́ – n arc
  • углы́ – the plural form of the noun у́гол (corner; angle)
  • уго́н – car theft
  • ха́та – 1) n hut; peasant house; 2) n apartment (slang)
  • хала́т – n robe
  • уха́ – fish soup
  • маха́л – he waved (the masculine form of the Past Tense of the verb маха́ть – “to wave (one's hand)”)
  • су́мка – n bag
  • сы́ты – the short plural form of the participle сы́тый (fed)
  • сады́ – the plural form of the noun сад (garden)
  • анана́с – n pineapple
  • зо́на – n zone
  • зал – n hall
  • му́зыка – n music
  • ко́зы – the plural form of the noun коза́ (she-goat)

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© Yevgeni Yeliseyev, 2016 — 2018