Russian Lessons Online: Personal Pronouns.In Russian language there are the following personal pronouns:
я – I
мы – we
ты – you (is used in informal speech to address one person)
вы – you (is used for addressing several people)
Вы – you (a polite form, used when we are talking to a someone we are not on familiar terms with)
он – he
она́ – she
оно́ – it/he/she
они́ – they
Unlike English pronouns ‘he’ and ‘she’, the Russian pronouns ‘он’ and ‘она́’ may specify animals and inanimate things. ‘он’, ‘она́’ and ‘оно́’ replace masculine, feminine and neuter nouns respectively.
For example, the noun ‘дом’ (house) has the masculine gender, that’s to specify a house, we use the pronoun ‘он’:
Э́то дом. Он мой.
This is a house. It’s mine.
The nouns ‘маши́на’ (car) is feminine, so, talking about a car, we use the pronoun ‘она’:
Э́то маши́на. Она́ моя́.
This is a car. It’s mine.
The noun ‘ружьё’ (gun, rifle) is neuter and we use the pronoun ‘он’ to specify it:
Э́то ружьё. Оно́ моё.
This is a rifle. It’s mine.
In the majority of situation the gender of Russian nouns depends on their endings. This issue is examined in the following lessons: