RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

Russian Lessons Online: Possessive Pronouns. Noun Gender.

Russian nous may be divided in 3 groups, called ‘genders’: masculine, feminine and neuter. It’s very important to know, what gender the noun refers to, because the gender affects the endings of the corresponding adjectives, participles and some pronouns. Have a look:
masculine gender: мой но́вый дом my new house
feminine gender: моя но́вая кни́га my new book
neuter gender: моё но́вое пла́тье my new dress

As a rule, to know the gender of a noun, it’s enough to analyze its ending:
Gender Endings Examples
masculine -consonant
столtable
деньday
feminine

рабо́таwork, job
неде́ляweek
ночьnight
neuter


-мя
окно́window
мо́реsea
бельёlinen
и́мяname

As you can see, nouns ending in may be masculine or feminine. In order to avoid possible mistakes in this case, you should consult a dictionary.

These rules have some exceptions, and the most important ones are examined in lesson ‘Russian Noun Gender: Exceptions’.

And now let’s examine Russian possessive pronouns. The forms of some of them depend on the gender of the corresponding noun. Such pronouns as его́, её, их are indifferent to noun gender and never change their forms:
  masc. fem. neu.
my мой моя́ моё
your твой твоя́ твоё
our наш на́ша на́ше
your (plur.) ваш ва́ша ва́ше
his/its его́
her её
their их

Please, see more information and more examples in the video:

See also:

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© Yevgeni Yeliseyev, 2016 — 2018