RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

Russian Lessons Online:
Plural Forms of Masculine and Feminine Nouns and Possessive Pronouns.

The majority of Russian nouns may have plural forms. Today we will examine formation of the Nominative Plural.

As a rule, to obtain the plural form of a noun, it’s enough to change its ending:
– masculine and feminine nouns end in or ;
– neuter ones end in or .

Let’s see some examples of masculine and feminine nouns plural forms formation (the letters ‘m’ and ‘f’ denote the gender):
Stem type Singular Plural
ending in a hard consonant вопро́с (m)
question

рабо́та
work, job
вопро́сы
questions

рабо́ты
works, jobs
ending in ж, ш, щ, ч пляж (m)
plage

зада́ча (f)
task
пля́жи
plages

зада́чи
tasks
ending in к, г, х ма́льчик (m)
boy

кни́га (f)
book
ма́льчики
boys

кни́ги
books
ending in a soft consonant писа́тель (m)
writer

неде́ля (f)
week

гость (m)
guest

кость (f)
bone
писа́тели
writers

неде́ли
weeks

го́сти
guests

ко́сти
bones

Possessive pronouns don’t distinguish gender in the plural number and have only one form for all genders:
  Singular Plural Examples
my мой, моя́, моё мои́ моя́ кни́га (my book)
мои́ кни́ги (my books)
your твой, твоя́, твоё твои́ твоя́ кни́га (your book)
твои́ кни́ги (your books)
our наш, на́ша, на́ше на́ши на́ша кни́га (our book)
на́ши кни́ги (our books)
your (plur.) ваш, ва́ша, ва́ше ва́ши ва́ша кни́га (your book)
ва́ши кни́ги (your books)

The pronouns его́ (his, its), её (her), их (their) don’t change their forms.
For example:
его́ кни́га
his book
его́ кни́ги
his books
её кни́га
her book
её кни́ги
her books
их кни́га
their book
их кни́ги
their books

Please, watch the video to get more information and see the most important exceptions from the above mentioned rules:

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© Yevgeni Yeliseyev, 2016 — 2018